The most formal room in the house, the parlor was used for guests, weddings, and wakes. Dominating is the oak mantle with its columns and mirror top. It surrounds a fireplace where, in winter, a gas heater was attached to a pipe behind the hearth. The clock had to be wound every day and would chime on the half hour. The photographs on the shelf are Maria’s sisters in Italy (right) and the three eldest Botto daughters (left). Members of the Bocchio family of Biella, Italy are pictured in the photograph to the left of the mantle.